In the last 9,000 years not much has changed in Sassi di Matera, Italy. This ancient city was home to over 1,000 cave dwellings carved out of the rocky ravine overlooking a large river. The caved houses are believed to be one of the oldest human settlements in the Mediterranean, dating back to the Palaeolithic era.
Throughout the millenniums, the caves were continuously inhabited. Although, as early as the 1950's people lived in extreme poverty with no running water, electricity or sewage facility nearby. This prompted the government to evacuate its residents. It was not until 1993 when UNESCO named Matera a World Heritage site that things changed. Today, this cave city has had a makeover with hotels and restaurants catering to tourists visiting from all over the world.